Granada, Spain, 1958
Director of the Instituto Cervantes, he is a professor of Spanish literature and author of multiple works of poetry, fiction and essays, which have earned him numerous awards: the Premio Federico García Lorca from the University of Granada, the Premio Adonáis, the Loewe Poetry Prize, the Premio Nacional de Poesía, the Premio Nacional de la Crítica, the Premio Andalucía de la Crítica, the Premio Poetas del Mundo Latino and the Premio Ramón López Velarde. Holder of the Gold Medal of Andalusia, he has also been awarded the distinction of “Favourite Son” by this autonomous community. In addition, he has been granted the title of Honorary Professor and Distinguished Academic by the University of Mar del Plata in Argentina.
His works are known for combining the theme of love with civic and political engagement. In poetry, these include El jardín extranjero (1989), Las flores del frío (1991), Habitaciones separadas (1994), Completamente viernes (1998), La intimidad de la serpiente (2003) and Vista cansada (2008); among his essays are Poesía, cuartel de invierno (1987), ¿Por qué no es útil la literatura? co-written with Antonio Muñoz Molina (1993), Aguas territoriales (1996), Gigante y extraño: Las rimas de Gustavo Adolfo Bécquer (2001), Los dueños del vacío (2006) and Inquietudes bárbaras (2008). He has also been responsible for critical editions of García Lorca, Alberti, Luis Rosales and Carlos Barral. His works of fiction include Mañana no será lo que Dios quiera (2009), No me cuentes tu vida (2012) and Alguien dice tu nombre (2014). He also writes regularly for the press, and several compilations of his articles have been published as books, among them Almanaque del fabulador (2003) and Una forma de resistencia (2012).